Painful Conditions & amp; Diseases of the Knee
There are several knee diseases or conditions which can also contribute to chronic knee discomfort. These diseases often impact the soft tissues, joints, nerves and/or bones within the knee area. The most typical knee diseases as well as conditions include arthritis, arthritis-related cysts, bacterial infections, calcification and softening of vital cartilage. An overview of each of these ailments can be found below.
There are several types of arthritis, including genetic, degenerative and inflammatory. Genetic arthritis includes both rheumatoid arthritis and gout. An individual with one of these conditions is genetically likely to be able to have chronic swelling of the joint, which can be unpleasant as well as limit movement. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is degenerative in nature. The cartilage will get worn down over time as a result of repeat usage of the knee joint.
- Knee arthritis can be treated with an arthritis knee brace or perhaps, in very severe cases, knee replacement surgery.
- In some arthritis cases, the knee's puffiness can cause fluid building up in a cyst typically based in the back of the knee.
- These are often referred to ask Baker cysts.
- If the cyst gets huge and painful, you can have a physician drain the fluid, as well as use physical therapy and medication.
Infection about the Knee Joint or Bone
Following a puncture wound, a bacterial virus can penetrate the knee location through the joint, bursa, bone or perhaps skin and lead to an inside infection in the knee joint or bone. While the knee may not encounter explicit pain as the result of an infection, the individual may produce a fever, experience chills in their body and a localized heat around the knee. As soon as diagnosed, these infections can be treated with a round of antibiotics.
Knee tumors are rare, but when they do show up they can impede walking and cause pain. The best treatment for tumour is surgery, but in a few extreme cases, it may also require calf amputation.
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The collateral ligament located on the inside of the knee can calcify. This is usually seen in people who have had a significant MCL ligament injury in their past and is known as Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome. The calcification leads to swelling, but it can be treated efficiently with continuous cold therapy, immobilization and rest. In some instances a cortisone shot can help.
Chrondromalacia is actually a condition characterized by the treatment of cartilage underneath the patella (knee cap). It is most often seen in women, likely due to exactly how their hips distribute weight to their knees. When the cartilage softens, it can cause significant deep knee pain as well as stiffness. Most cases of Chrondromalacia are successfully treated with anti-inflammatory medicine, strengthening exercises for the quads, relaxation and cold remedy.
Chris Dillon is President of MMAR Medical Group Inc., a wholesale medical supplier specializing in orthopedic braces including wrist and hand braces, cervical braces and a wide variety of arthritis and hinged leg braces.