Osteoarthritis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is also known as degenerative joint disease. In this form of arthritis, the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones that link on the joint wears away, exposing the bone and causing pain. This condition may also include a decrease in the amount of joint fluid, called synovial fluid, that cushions the joint, as well as changes in the ligaments and muscles that support the joint.
What is Primary Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis in its primary stage does not have any directly recognizable cause but is often posited as one of those diseases associated with aging. Scientific research shows that chances for osteoarthritis become higher together age range. This is because as one age range, water accumulates in the joints therefore affecting cartilage protein structure. As a result, cartilages in important joints degenerate right up until eventually they become brittle and breakdown.
Osteoarthritis - Cause
Excess weight puts extra strain on the joints, particularly the large weight-bearing joints, such as the knees, hips, and balls of the feet. Experts estimate that every 1 lb (0.5 kg) of body weight means at least 3 lb (1.4 kg) of stress in the knee joint, and even more at the hip joint. Research has shown that weight loss can decrease the symptoms of leg osteoarthritis or the chances of developing those symptoms.
Osteoarthritis is caused by two main reasons: 1) Trauma to the joints and/or 2) a predominantly alkaline body chemistry. If you were to support a trauma to a given joint understanding that body part sustained misalignment as well as damage; ultimately that joint will wear out if specific measures are not taken.
Associated diseases: the presence of other associated diseases, infections, diabetes, and various other forms of circulating arthritis, such as rheumatoid joint disease or gout
Genetics: having a genealogy and family history of osteoarthritis or perhaps congenital defects of joints, spine, or leg abnormalities
Joint pain in rainy weather.
Deep aching joint pain that will get even worse after exercise or placing weight onto it and is relieved simply by rest
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Bony Enlargements and Osteophyte Formation
Crepitus (crackling, grinding noise with movement)
Joint Effusion (Swelling)
- Osteoarthritis is often able to be diagnosed by its characteristic symptoms of pain, decreased movement and/or deformity.
- Osteoarthritis can be confirmed with an x-ray.
- Common x-ray findings include narrowing of the joint space between bones, a loss of normal cartilage and also bone spurs or bone growths.
Blood tests may be used in order to exclude other feasible disorders but they can not diagnose osteoarthritis.
Treatment for Osteoarthritis
Acetaminophen (Tylenol): has been shown to be as effective as nonsteroidal medication for the pain of knee osteoarthritis. People should keep their dose of acetaminophen in order to under 2000 mg a day as higher doses could cause kidney disease.
Although there is little evidence for the effectiveness of complementary therapies in treating osteoarthritis, 60 percent of people with all forms of arthritis have used or are using one type or another. If you have severe side-effects as a result of treatment, you may find acupuncture or reflexology helpful in relieving discomfort.
Domenic is a head content marketing specialist at musclenstress.com, a collection of articles on health issues. In the past, Domenic worked as a post curator for a well-known health site. When he's not writing posts, Domenic enjoys drawing and rock climbing.